Welfare State in the Light of the Ongoing Changes in the European Labour Market

MAGDALENA, KOTYNKOVA (2015) Welfare State in the Light of the Ongoing Changes in the European Labour Market. In: Third International Conference on Advances in Management, Economics and Social Science - MES 2015, 10-11 December, 2015, Rome, Italy.

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Abstract

During the second half of the 20th century there have been significant changes in the structure and concept of the welfare state in Europe, mainly due to the changes in labour market and demographic changes. This was accompanied by a multiple increase in public expenditure in the social sector and the welfare state has found itself in a crisis since the 90s of the last century. Given the fiscal unsustainability of the current social systems, measures and reforms addressing the fiscal crisis of the welfare state are being introduced. The current keynote is to narrow down the role of the state to the provider of basic social protection and encourage the citizens towards more responsible behaviour. The aim of this paper is to assess the dynamics of current social expenditure of the EU member countries in the light of the ongoing changes in the labour market and identify the fiscal trend. It emerged that a significant change affecting the need for the transformation of the welfare state is the increasing natural unemployment rate. People threatened by the unemployment, especially by the long term unemployment and job insecurity become dependant on social benefits and do not adequately contribute to the social system used to finance the benefits. The paper is mainly centred around the opinions of leading European experts on welfare states, EU strategic documents and Eurostat and OECD statistics.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: welfare state, social policy expenditure, labour market, population aging, social reform
Depositing User: Mr. John Steve
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2019 12:14
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2019 12:14
URI: http://publications.theired.org/id/eprint/1221

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