Influence of upflow velocity on performance and biofilm characteristics of Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor (AFBR) in treating high-strength wastewater

ALIREZA, MESDAGHINIA and AMIR HOSSEIN, MAHVI and JALIL, JAAFARI and MOHAMMAD, HOSEINI HOSSEIN KAMANI and RAMIN, NABIZADEH (2015) Influence of upflow velocity on performance and biofilm characteristics of Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor (AFBR) in treating high-strength wastewater. In: Third International Conference on Advances In Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering- ACSEE 2015, 10-11 October, 2015, Zurich, Switzerland.

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Abstract

One of the key parameters in Fluidized Bed reactors is the control of biofilm thickness and configuration. The effect of upflow velocity on performance and biofilm characteristics of an Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor was studied in treating Currant wastewater at various loading rates. The reactor used this study was made of a plexiglass column being 60 mm diameter, 140 cm height, and a volume of 3.95 L. The results demonstrated that the AFBR system is capable of handling an exceptionally high organic loading rate. At organic loading rates of 9.4 to 24.2 (kg COD m−3) at steady state, reactor performances with upflow velocities of 0.5, 0.75 and 1 (m min−1) were 89.3- 63.4, 96.9 – 79.6 and 95 – 73.4 percent, respectively. The average biomass concentration per unit volume of the AFBR (as gVSSatt L−1 expended bed) decreased with the increase of upflow velocity in the range of 0.5–1 m min−1 at all applied organic loading rates. The total biomass in the reactor increased with increases in the organic loading rate. The peak biomass concentration per unit volume (as gVSSatt L−1 expended bed) was observed at the bottom part of the reactor, then it droped off slowly towards the top. The biofilm thickness increased from the bottom to the top of the reactor representing a stratification of the media in the AFBR. The bed porosity increased from the bottom to the top of the reactor.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biofilm characteristics, Biomass concentration, Anaerobic Fluidized bed Reactor, Currant wastewater, Upflow velocity
Depositing User: Mr. John Steve
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2019 12:05
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2019 12:05
URI: http://publications.theired.org/id/eprint/1382

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