Historical Significance of Galle fort during the Dutch period in Sri Lanka.

S.A., DILHANI (2015) Historical Significance of Galle fort during the Dutch period in Sri Lanka. In: Second International Conference on Advances in Management, Economics and Social Science - MES 2015, 18 - 19 April, 2015, Rome, Italy.

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Galle which is situated in the coast line belongs to the wet zone when considered in terms of geographical features. Galle fort expands up to a land area of about 92 acres bordered by sea from three directions. In 1974 Archeological Department of Sri Lanka named Galle fort as an archeological reserve and In 1983 UNESCO inscribed it as a world cultural heritage site. It held an importance in respect of east and west foreign trade because of Galle is surrounded by the sea from three directions and the sometime situated a useful natural harbour. After the 16th century A.D Galle was governed by Portuguese, Dutch and British which resulted with their influence by way of cultural and religious environment. In 1505, the Portuguese arrived unintentionally in Galle, their fleet having been driven to shelter by a storm. In 1602 Dutch East India Trading Company was established amalgamating all the other trading companies in Netherland. Objective of this company was to maintain a monopoly of trade in the east and also to constructed fortresses in the countries under their ruling. They paid their special attention towards Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) because it was a central point for trading activities. Although Dutch tried to maintain relationship with the Kandyan kings several times, it was fulfilled only in 1638. It was through an agreement signed between Dutch and king Rajasinghe II, the Kandyan king. (B.N.R. Jayasena, 2007, 177P) In 1587, Galle was captured by the Portuguese and constructed a temporary fortress. But in 1640 Dutch took charge of Galle and became their administrative center until they capture Colombo. As Dutch wanted to have Galle as a secured place, they built up the Galle fort on a strong and

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Depositing User: Mr. John Steve
Date Deposited: 01 May 2019 11:01
Last Modified: 01 May 2019 11:01
URI: http://publications.theired.org/id/eprint/1800

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